Full Stop Usage
Usually, “.” is used –
- End of a sentence.
- Shorten a word.
- Letters are initials.
Details about the above points
- End of a sentence: A full stop is used at the end of a complete sentence.
Examples: I’m going to visit my friend next week.
Explanation: The example “.” is used after the sentence is completed.
2. Shorten a word: “.” is used to shorten a word.
Examples: Oct. > October
Wed. > Wednesday
Explanation: This example “.” has been used to short two words in October and Wednesday
3. Letters are initials: Full stop should be used when the letters are initials.
Examples: U.S.A. > United States of America
M.P. > Member of Parliament
Explanation: This example “.” has been used to initials.
Full Stop Punctuation Mark: Use punctuation marks such as pyramidal period commas and parentheses to separate sentences and their elements and to clarify the meaning.
Full Stop Usage (Details)
In this lesson, you will learn how to use periods (Full Stop) currently when writing in English.
- This is a period > .
- A period is called a full stop in British English.
Rule1: Use a period to end a declarative sentence or statement.
We use periods to end a declarative sentence or a complete sentence that is a statement. Whereas interrogative sentences or questions end with a question mark.
What is your name? (an interrogative sentence that ends with a question mark)
My name is Rock.
I like dogs.
He drinks coffee.
Roman is my best friend.
Rule2: Place a period at the end of a sentence.
Place a period at the end of a sentence without leaving a space between the last word of the sentence and the period.
Leave a space after the period before starting your next sentence.
Incorrect: I have a cat .
Correct: I have a cat.
Incorrect: I have a cat . His name is Mithu.
Correct: I have a cat. His name is Mithu.
Rule3: Use periods at the end of sentences that are intended to instruct or command.
We usually use periods at the end of imperative sentences or commands. Sometimes we use an exclamation mark to express great emotion.
Take out your notebook.
Lock the door when you leave the house.
Please sit down.
- Sit down right now!
- Be careful!
Rule4: An indirect question ends with a period, not a question mark.
When a question is direct, you need to ues a question mark at the end. A direct question will often begin with one of these words: who/what/where/when/why/how/can/may.
When a question is indirect. You need to use a period at the end to indicate this.
Direct question: Where is my phone?
Indirect question: I wonder where my phone is.
Direct question: Can I come to the party?
Indirect question: She asked if she could come to the party.
Rule5: If a sentence ends with an abbreviation that ends in a period, do not follow it with another period.
We often use periods with abbreviations:
- Mr. > Mrs.
- Dr. > St.
- a.m. > p.m.
- etc. > Inc.
Correct: I have an appointment at 10 a.m.
Incorrect: I have an appointment at 10 a.m..
Rule6: How to Place a Period with Quotation Marks.
In American English, if a sentence ends with a quote, the period is placed inside the closing quotation mark.
Correct: Riya said were”on a break.”
If the quotation ends with a question mark or exclamation mark, the period is left out.
Correct: Jone asked, “How you doing?”
Incorrect: Jone asked, “How you doing?”.
Rule7: How to Use Periods with Parentheses.
When a sentence ends with a parenthetical that is only part of a larger sentence, the period is placed outside the closing parenthesis.
Correct: Mum made apple pie for my birthday (my favourite dessert).
When a complete sentence is entirely enclosed by parentheses, the period goes inside the closing parenthesis.
Correct: Mum made apple pie for my birthday. (It ismy favourite dessert.)